Costs and Demographics


http://www.intuitivesurgical.com/news_room/robosurgeon_summer2003.pdf

Robotic-Assisted Surgery


(Chitwood et al. Annual Surgery. 2001. 234:475)


New York Times August 11, 2002

New York Times August 11, 2002

Jeffrey A. Morgan et al. "Does Robotic Technology Make Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery Too Expensive? A Hospital Cost Analysis of Robotic and Conventional Techniques." J Card. Surgery 2005; XX:XXX-XXX

Clinical Demographics of Patients


p* values from independent sample t-test and chi-square analysis STER- sternotomy, ASD- atrial septal defect, ROBO- robotic, MVr-mitral valve repair MI-myocardial infarction, CABG-coronary artery bypass grafting; EF-ejection fraction; HTN-hypertension; DM-diabetes mellitus, PVD- peripheral vascular disease, CVA-cerebrovascular accident, NA-not applicable
Jeffrey A. Morgan et al. "Does Robotic Technology Make Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery Too Expensive? A Hospital Cost Analysis of Robotic and Conventional Techniques." J Card. Surgery 2005; XX:XXX-XXX

Summary of Cost Analysis for ASD Closure and MVr Using Robotic and Conventional Techniques


Jeffrey A. Morgan et al. "Does Robotic Technology Make Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery Too Expensive? A Hospital Cost Analysis of Robotic and Conventional Techniques." J Card. Surgery 2005; XX:XXX-XXX da Vinci cost Institutional- $1.2 million
Maitenance-$100,000 after first year
Introoperative cost of each case- $2800
Lifespan- ~5 years
Cases annually - ~100

Based on a Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency for developing an Audio-Enabled Intraoperative Computer-assisted Surgical System (http://www.casi.net/D.TADs/D.TAD_reports/phase2/phase2.html)
Computer Aided Surgery, Inc.

Labor cost for $126,134.54 from May-Oct 97.
Testing and Reengineering cost $165,013.72
Hardware cost $145,050.00