Biology of the Shoulder

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References

 

Glenohumoral Joint:

1. "Shoulder Articulations." < http://www.exrx.net/Articulations/Shoulder.html#anchor105322> April 28, 2004.

2. "Anatomy of the Shoulder." Southern California Orthopedics Institute. < http://www.scoi.com/sholanat.htm> April 15, 2004.


3."Shoulder Anatomy and Physiology." About. < http://sportsmedicine.about.com/cs/shoulder/a/shoulder1.htm> April 15, 2004.

4. "Rotator Cuff Revealed." About <http://physicaltherapy.about.com/cs/shoulderinjuries/a/rotator_cuff.htm> April 15, 2004.

5. "Shoulder Anatomy." Orthoteers. < http://www.orthoteers.co.uk/Nrujp~ij33lm/Orthshouldanat.htm > April 15, 2004.

Acromioclavicular Joint:

6. Edell, David. "A-C Sprain." < http://www.athleticadvisor.com/Injuries/UE/Shoulder/a_-_c_sprain.htm> April 28, 2004.

7. "Trapezius Muscles (upper)." Exercise Instruction and Kinesiology. <www.exrx.net/Muscles/TrapeziusUpper.html> April 30 2004.

8. "Deltoid Muscles (Anterior)." Exercise Instruction and Kinesiology. <http://www.exrx.net/Muscles/DeltoidAnterior.html> April 30, 2004.

9. "Acromioclavicular Joint Injuries." The Physician and Sports Medicine. <http://www.physsportsmed.com/issues/2001/11_01/johnson.htm> April 15, 2004.

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Created by: Blair Smith, Connie Lee, Daniel Solomon, Matthew Whitson and Stephanie Chang
Date last modified: 5/2/2004